Kelly Idehen

25th Dec 2017


 Hypertension, otherwise known as high blood pressure, is a condition in which blood is pumped at a rate which makes it push too hard against the inner walls of the blood vessels in the process of circulation.

In layman's term;  "It is an abnormal rate of blood being pumped from the heart."  

Many people today are suffering from this disease which is very dangerous because it shows little or no symptom before bringing its victim down.

Because of the lifestyle choice of many people today; this disease is becoming much more widespread. It is now even becoming prevalent in younger people.

Anyone who wishes to live a long healthy  and productive life, must start now to begin a lifestyle that works against  the tragedies brouught about by this disease.

There are two states to testing for blood pressure levels.

- The top number is called the systolic blood pressure.

 - The bottom number is called the diastolic blood pressure. 

It's important to pay attention to both the higher (systolic) and the lower (diastolic) numbers in your blood pressure readings.

While high diastolic readings were once thought to be the most harmful to the body, it's now known that high systolic readings - greater than 140 - are dangerous, especially in adults over age 50.

Systolic blood pressure is a much more important heart disease risk factor than diastolic pressure.

High blood pressure (HPB), also called hypertension, causes a significant risk to a person's health, including a higher risk of stroke and heart attack.

However, high blood pressure rarely causes any obvious symptoms. A person can live with high blood pressure and be oblivious of his dilemma, until he his suddenly struck with its cortege of pain and death.

Around 30% of people have hypertension, but many of them are unaware about it. 

Around the world, Medical Doctors refer to hypertension  as the 'Silent Killer'.

Imagine having a life threatening disease that could take your life suddenly, without any warning- but the problem is- you are one of the millions who don't know they have it.

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is one of the most widespread health problems of the 21st century.

About 600 million people are suffering from high blood pressure; and 3 million of these die every year as a direct result.

In North America alone, it is estimated that every third adult has hypertension.

HBP can attack people of any age, creed, or color. In the US; fifty percent of those over the age of 40, and seventy percent of those over the age of 65 have HPB.

A person suffering may notice no symptoms; but, if they occur, they include: recurrent headache, difficulty in breathing, blurred vision, rapid pulse, a feeling of dizziness, burning sensation on legs and hand, Palpitations of the hearts, fatigue, nose bleeding and tinnitus (ringing sound or buzzing in the ears.)

The problem of hypertension is a ubiquitous one, it affects every gender race and age, but  it is more prevalent within the following class of people:

- Men over the age of 55
- Women over the age of 65
- People with overweight
- People who work under stress and anxiousness
- People with diabetes
- People who smoke
- Post menopausal women
- People who do not exercise
- People that take excess salt
- People with high cholesterol
- African Americans (especially women)
- Women who take birth control pill
- People who have a family history of High blood pressure
- People who indulge in alcohol consumption

Most of the time, no cause of high blood pressure is found. This is called 'Essential hypertension'.

High blood pressure could also be as the result of another medical condition; (Pregnancy) or medication- This is referred to as 'Secondary hypertension'.


Hypertensive people are eight times more likely to suffer a stroke, three times more likely to have a heart attack, and five times more likely to develop heart failure than people with normal blood pressure.

Persistent high blood pressure can also lead to irreversible damage of the kidneys, pancreas, and retina of the eye.

Unfortunately for many, the first sign is often a stroke or sudden heart attack. For some others, the first sign may also be last.

{ Stroke affects the nervous system of its victims, most often leading to retarded body coordination, Slurred speech, Blurred vision or even blindness, etc }



  • Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120/80 mmHg most of the time.

  • High blood pressure (hypertension) is when your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or above most of the time.

  • If your blood pressure numbers are 120/80 or higher, but below 140/90, it is called pre-hypertension.


Medical practitioners will not provide a clear-cut remedy for a person suffering from High Blood Pressure. They may prescribe some pharmaceutical  medications that limits its escalating to worse situations like; cerebral hemorrhage (Stroke) or even death.

`The only definitive pathway is a lifestyle change and adaptation.

Though it is better to totally prevent the occurrence of Hypertension by ensuring a healthy lifestyle, in the event of its occurrence the victim must be prepared to take every preliminary measure in curtailing further increase and also for stabilizing his current Blood Pressure level.

The pivotal aspects of his lifestyle that needs to be fully addressed includes:


DIET- The most consistent remedy for Hypertension is hinged on the importance the patient places on Diet and Health reform.

Blood pressure builds up when there is stiffening or blocking of blood vessels.

Blood vessels are supposed to be elastic, but because of dietary choices (especially in the case of cholesterol laden food), the blood vessels are deposited with fat and with time get clogged.

Generally, but more especially for hypertensive people, their diets should consist chiefly of Fruits and Vegetables.

Eat whole, fresh, unrefined, and unprocessed foods: {Fruits, vegetables, garlic, onions, whole grain, soy-beans, seeds and nuts}, ensure you use only vegetable-based oils with low cholesterol levels (Olive oil preferably).

Avoid salt, sugar, dairy products, refined foods, fried foods, junk foods and caffeine. Drink plenty of water and fresh but natural juices. 

LIFESTYLE- This is the single most effective remedy to assuaging the problem of High Blood pressure, a work, life, and relationship balance must be struck.

Every factor that could heighten the situation must be put aside. Factors such as use of alcohol, smoking, caffeine based drinks and junk food etc must be addressed.

Begin and stick to an exercise program, reduce unnecessary fat and weight, drink water around ten (10) glass a day and avoid over-thinking and stress.

Enjoy the sight and sound of  nature more; nothing helps clear an anxious mind more than the sight of nature in her resplendency.

All this said and done, the most essential lifestyle attribute that must be strictly adhered to is a cognizance and obedience to the laws. (Moral and Health).

REGULAR CHECK-UPS - Whether a person has been diagnosed with Hypertension or not, as he grows older, he should endeavor to go for regular health check-ups.

It is even  now very much possible to own  a digital Blood pressure testing  unit at home. Check with a proficient Medical Practitioner to provide you with information in this regard.

They say, to be forewarned is to be forearmed, it is only when you have witnessed the numerous challenges facing a person living with hypertension  or stroke; that you will realize just how crucial early detection is.

Do not allow any disease make your later years miserable- Go for regular checkups.

To live a happy and fulfilling life here on earth requires that we make a conscientious decision and putting the best effort on our part to get the most out of life.

Make the decision today to live a wholesome, healthy and happy life.


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